BRIC ten years, because of infrastructure and wonderful. Recently, “China trade newspaper” the reporter interviewed in the BRIC countries to open up the market in fruitful Lenovo Group, the China Communications Construction Co and the Three Gorges China (Brazil) Co. Ltd., to explore the enterprise accumulated in the BRIC countries in infrastructure in the field of international experience.
Both globalization and localization
Since 2010, the Three Gorges Project began to enter the Brazil market. In 2013, the Three Gorges Brazil company was registered in St Paul, and power project development and mergers and acquisitions were carried out. The Three Gorges Brazil is currently the second largest private power generation company in Brazil, with 14 holding hydropower stations, 3 joint holding hydropower stations and 11 joint stock wind farms, which can achieve an annual revenue of about 10 billion yuan.
“Transnational operations should be in accordance with local conditions, both globalization and localization. In Brazil, we stress that all employees, regardless of nationality, are the adherents of our corporate culture, the creators of enterprise value, and the bearer of enterprise capacity.” China Three Gorges (Brazil) Co., Ltd. General Manager Li Yinsheng said.
Li Yinsheng believes that the essence of the enterprise is to create value, to overseas investment should also firmly grasp this foothold. The long line of value creation in Brazil, the Three Gorges, requires the firm’s daily decisions to be based on rational decisions about economic values and stand up to the test of time.
Lenovo Group has many years of experience to develop communications infrastructure in the BRIC countries, respect the local customs and culture road and the development of the BRIC countries, adhere to the localization mode of development, practice with its own investment and business enhancement for local economic development and scientific and technological strength of new energy.
A group of data from Lenovo told reporters that 10 years ago, Lenovo’s annual income in the BRICs was just $about 5000000000 (with revenues of only $540 million in the four countries except China). In 2016, Lenovo’s revenues in the BRICs reached $19 billion, accounting for 45% of the group’s total revenue. At present, Lenovo has set up four factories in India and Brazil, producing more than 2800 intelligent equipment every year, with output value exceeding 4 billion 500 million US dollars, creating more than twenty thousand people’s employment opportunities.
“In the construction of information industry, China’s successful experience and local share, integration and development, become the BRIC countries, information technology, data construction of reliable partners.”.” This is a pragmatic move for Lenovo to take root.
The cool breeze of September, the beautiful coastal city – Xiamen, the ninth BRICs leaders meeting held here. A road of trials and hardships, more than ten years together, history will never forget in 2006 during the sixty-first session of the UN General Assembly, China, Brazil, Russia, India’s foreign minister met for the first time, which marks the BRIC countries officially launched. In 2011, at the third meeting in Hainan, Sanya, China, which was the first BRICs president, invited South Africa to participate in the meeting and promoted it to become the fifth member state. The international community generally believes that the emergence of the BRIC cooperation mechanism, reveals the status and role of emerging markets and developing countries in the global governance of the rise, but also provides new energy for the world to participate in global economic growth and development.
Ten years, polymerization force, background more abundant
“BRIC countries are unique platforms for cooperation in the world today, setting an example for regional and global affairs.”.” Russian ambassador to China Denisov said in an interview with reporters, the growing scope of cooperation BRIC countries, will cover more and more areas. For example, in terms of economic and trade, the form of practical cooperation among the five countries includes direct links between enterprises, which not only gradually increase, but also occupy a special position.”
Professor Swaran Singh Institute of international studies, India University Nehru argued in an “China trade news” interview with reporters, the BRICs cooperation mechanism of a special aspect for a long time in the past, most countries have experienced rapid growth, under this kind of cooperation has played an important role in the engine of the world economy. On the other hand, is a powerful force derived from the economic development, as the representative of the developing countries, in support of the democratization of international relations, enhance the voice of developing countries and participate in global economic governance has played a positive impact, the most typical is the new BRICs Development Bank building.
“Founding members of BRIC countries are emerging economies of scale is huge, its members have important influence in their regions and the world affairs, so the cooperation is essentially a great power cooperation.” Wang Lei, director of the BRICs cooperation center of Beijing Normal University, has been tracking the development of brics. He said in an interview with reporters, in addition, large scale and great influence, the characteristics of the BRICs cooperation mechanism also includes five cooperation and adhere to the principle of equality, the members enjoy equal discourse and decision-making, in order to reach a consensus through consultation and consistent manner; uphold the spirit of openness and tolerance, although the social system, all countries the development mode and culture are different, but the cooperation beyond these differences, pluralistic and open to become the source of vitality of the BRIC cooperation mechanism; BRIC countries abandon the construction of closed club model, as the representative of the developing countries, the political and military alliance cooperation beyond the old routine.
Energy cooperation between China and Arab countries has always been regarded as the key area of cooperation between China and Arab countries. “Chinese trade newspaper” told reporters, head of China GCC delegation Ambassador Ambassador of Bahrain Anwar El Abdullah said that only the GCC countries supply accounted for Chinese oil import demand 1/3.
In August 22nd this year, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli at the meeting with Kuwait Prime Minister Jaber, said China is willing to work with the Department to establish long-term stable relationship between energy supply and demand, deepen energy cooperation. In August 24th, Zhang Gaoli and Saudi Crown Prince Mohamed held a meeting on the sand, energy, finance, cooperation capacity, exchange of views and reached broad consensus, both sides stressed that, to establish a package of cooperation mechanism of energy sector, and actively promote the project of high temperature gas cooled reactor seawater desalination project, Gizan China industrial agglomeration area development process, petrochemical projects support the Rabigh plant construction project. When meeting with President Bashir of the Sultan in August 25th, Zhang Gaoli pointed out that efforts should be made to strengthen cooperation in the field of oil and gas, and to further cooperate in areas such as oil production, oil and gas exploration and development, refining and refining, and so on.
Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli’s visit further promoted Sino Arab energy cooperation. The Middle East China Research Institute of Contemporary International Relations Institute deputy director Liao Baizhi told the “Chinese trade newspaper” reporter, between the Arab energy interdependence is high, the producers of Chinese market to deepen dependence, energy cooperation between the two sides is also growing, some scholars put forward the concept of “energy community”. “In 2014, the international market, oil supply exceeds demand, oil prices plummeted, a number of Arabia countries experienced the energy crisis after the re transformation, opening up more restrictive investment areas to China.”.” Liao Baizhi says.
About Arabia national energy transformation, told reporters in Bahrain ambassador Anwar El Abdullah said, “Bahrain has previously used oil generation, now Bahrain oil mainly for export, photovoltaic power generation is the key to promote new energy projects in Bahrain.” Bahrain solar energy technology developed, hope China priority and cooperation, welcome committed to increase generating capacity, increase energy, including solar and wind power and other renewable energy China enterprises to invest in Bahrain.” The ambassador himself introduced photovoltaic companies to Bahrain.
The Arabia national energy re transformation also involves how to cooperate and promote the industrialization of Arabia. Although Arabia’s national overall industrial base is weak, but Liao Baizhi believes that the details of two is also very important: one is the Arabia world weak industrial base is whole, actually the industrial foundation of Arabia national areas is good; two is a
The Arabia countries themselves do not want to build a large and complete industrial system. They have their own priorities in industrial development.
“The gap between China and Korea in the field of technology has gradually narrowed, the policy level of docking points continue to increase, the future in artificial intelligence, big data and other emerging industries cooperation is expected.” Recently, the South Korean embassy minister of economic affairs, Bai Long Day, was held at the China ROK economic and trade forum held in Beijing.
Industry high-end policy docking good
Korea international trade association director Cui Rongmin said the trend analysis, due to South Korea’s economic downturn and other reasons, South Korea’s direct investment amount declined from $5 billion 700 million in 2007 to $3 billion 300 million in 2016, especially in 2013 for $5 billion 200 million in 2015 fell to $3 billion in 2016 increased slightly.
Although South Korea’s direct investment in China has declined, the industrial structure of China’s investment has gradually shifted to high-end. In the early 1990s, Korea’s investment in China was mainly apparel, textiles, computer accessories, electrical equipment and so on. Since 2010, South Korea’s investment in China has been dominated by semiconductors, displays, automobiles and chemicals.
Not only the industry toward high-end, China and South Korea government policy also helped further cooperation between the two countries. China and South Korea’s four national strategy there are “China docking, 2025 manufacturing” and “made in Korea innovation 3 strategy”, “China docking public entrepreneurship, innovation” and South Korea’s “creative economy” docking, China’s The Belt and Road “initiative with South Korea’s” Eurasian initiative docking well, China and South Korea to jointly develop the third markets.
China and South Korea have also set up two cooperation platforms, namely, Youth Innovation and entrepreneurship platform and co-development of the third party market cooperation platform. Since May 2012, China and South Korea FTA negotiations officially started, after the 14 round of negotiations, the two sides in trade, services, investment, finance and other issues in 17 areas reached an agreement. The two sides also discussed e-commerce, government procurement and other issues of “economic and trade issues in twenty-first Century” and reached substantive consensus. In June 1, 2015, China Korea free trade agreement signed.
Emerging industries create new opportunities, challenges still exist
In the Sino Korean economic and trade environment for the better, emerging industries also appeared in the scope of cooperation between the two countries. Emerging industries are new sectors and industries that emerge with the creation and application of new scientific research results and emerging technologies. In 2015, South Korea proposed the policy of fostering growth power industry in the future, including the 19 major industries in the future, emerging industries, major industries, public welfare, energy and basic industries. The Chinese also developed including the “2025 Chinese manufacturing”, “Internet plus” and other emerging industrial policy, relates to a new generation of information and communication industry, robot, aerospace industry, new energy industry etc..
South Korea Industry Research Institute Beijing office director Jin Dongzhu said, in the emerging industries, the two countries can enhance productivity through intelligent manufacturing; through double integration, open up new markets and create new demand, for example, to achieve the integration of unmanned technology and automobiles, ships, aircraft, and through the use of big data development and add new function products. Including the use of UAV services revenue.
“In the emerging industries of power, China and South Korea from manufacturing cooperation to R & D, design, standards, services and other aspects of the cooperation, namely upgrading along the chain direction to cooperation, from cooperation to the level of vertical cooperation, namely from inter industry cooperation to make industry together.” Guo Zhaoxian, director of the Research Office of industrial organizations, Institute of industrial economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said.
However, there are also problems in the development of new industries. Guo Zhaoxian said that some strategic emerging industries to develop low-end, extensive, industrial overcapacity, environmental pollution and other issues. Moreover, the rapid development of emerging industries is a new situation that has never appeared before, and the Sino Korean economic and trade cooperation will face a new challenge.” Kim Yong, managing director of the international trade association of Korea, said that this is because the global competition in the emerging industries is intense, and that the interests of the state will also confuse the cooperation between the two sides.
In addition, South Korea’s investment in China is more biased towards big cities. The enterprises in China and Korea should not be confined to the development of big cities, but should actively participate in small and medium cities in China, including rural areas.” Korea International Trade Association International Trade Research Institute director Cui Rongmin said. Li Xinming, vice president of South Korea SK group Greater China also said that although the central government decentralization, many favorable factors to the Korean enterprises and local government cooperation is possible, but the sustainable mode of cooperation should be further explored.
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